Differential GPS (DGPS)

With DGPS, the position of a fixed GNSS receiver, referred to as a base station, is determined to a high degree of accuracy using conventional surveying techniques. Then, the base station determines ranges to the GNSS satellites in view using a code-based positioning technique and the location of the satellites determined from the precisely known orbit ephemerides and satellite time.

The base station compares the surveyed position to the position calculated from the satellite ranges. Differences between the positions can be attributed to satellite ephemeris and clock errors, but mostly to errors associated with atmospheric delay. The base station sends these errors to other receivers (rovers), which incorporate the corrections into their position calculations.